DUBAI (REUTERS) – The head of Saudi state oil giant Aramco said on Tuesday that Europe’s plans to cap energy bills for consumers and tax energy companies were not long-term or helpful solutions for the global energy crisis, spurred largely by under-investment in hydrocarbons.

“Freezing or capping energy bills might help consumers in the short term, but it does not address the real causes and is not the long-term solution,” chief executive Amin Nasser told a forum in Switzerland.

“And taxing companies when you want them to increase production is clearly not helpful.”

Governments across Europe have ploughed hundreds of billions of euros into tax cuts, handouts and subsidies to tackle an energy crisis that is driving up inflation, forcing industries to shut production and hiking bills ahead of winter.

Under European Union plans announced last week, excessive profits from energy companies would be skimmed off and redistributed to ease the burden on consumers.

On Tuesday, Mr Nasser, who heads Aramco, the world’s biggest oil exporter, said continuing under-investment in hydrocarbons at a time when alternatives to fossil fuels were still not readily available was the root cause of the problem.

“The conflict in Ukraine has certainly intensified the effects of the energy crisis, but it is not the root cause,” he said.

“Sadly, even if the conflict stopped today as we all wish, the crisis would not end.”

Aramco has been investing to raise the kingdom’s oil capacity to 13 million barrels per day by 2027, but Mr Nasser warned that globally investments in hydrocarbons were still, “too little, too late, too short term”.

The under-investment comes at a time when spare capacity is thin and demand is “fairly healthy” despite strong economic headwinds.

Effective global spare capacity is at about 1.5 per cent of global demand and oil inventories are low but a “fear factor” is still preventing critical oil and gas investments and causing long-term projects to “shrink”, he said.

“When the global economy recovers, we can expect demand to rebound further, eliminating the little spare oil production capacity out there… that is why I am seriously concerned.”

Mr Nasser said the energy crisis did not mean climate goals should change but that the world needed a more viable energy transition plan.

Aramco has been working to lower its upstream carbon intensity, gas flaring and methane intensity while upping efforts to advance carbon capture technologies, he said.

“The best help that policy makers and every stakeholder can offer is to unite the world around a much more credible new transition plan.” REUTERS